The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, Environment and Sustainable Development (MAFFESD) was created after the November 2015 elections by resolution of Prime Minister Dean Barrow. To create it, the Departments of Agriculture and Environment joined the existing Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Sustainable Development (MFFSD).
The goal of this amalgamation is to ensure resource efficiency and enable coordination between departments that lead natural resource management efforts.
The Forest Department (FD) is responsible for overseeing forest resource use and protection. Its main tasks include granting permits and forestry licenses, collecting taxes for forest resource use, monitoring and, to a large degree, the design and implementation of management plans. It is also responsible for the administration of about half of the protected areas in the country.
The Forest Department has organized its main areas of intervention into three programs:
• Sustainable Management of Forest Resources
• Protected Areas
• Biodiversity & Wildlife.
Hierarchically, the three programs are executed under coordinated administrative responsibility and are oriented towards the principle of sustainable forest resource management.
Department of Agriculture
The main role of the Department of Agriculture is to develop and transfer environmentally friendly technologies that make agricultural activities more sustainable and the farmers more competitive.
The Department has four primary programs, three district agricultural stations and an experimental station in Central Farm. The National Coordinator heads the four programs, which are: Livestock Development, Agricultural Development, Fruit Trees, and Marketing and Extension.
Its primary mission is to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and protected areas in Guatemala, as well as the natural goods and services they provide to present and future generations. CONAP does this by designing, coordinating and ensuring the implementation of policies, regulations, incentives and strategies in collaboration with other actors.
Its primary goal is to improve the quality of life of forest communities through community forest management, thereby promoting the social, ecological, economic and political sustainability of the region. ACOFOP’s intervention has been essential in designing management and business plans, establishing partnerships with NGOs, providing support in production processes within each community, the creation-legalization of community organizations, and in advocating to state institutions.
It is a public institution that promotes agricultural development and access to a sufficient and safe food supply from production chains that supply national and international markets through the sustainable use of natural resources.
SEGEPLAN assists in formulating the government’s general development policy and assesses its implementation and effects. SEGEPLAN has two areas of planning and programming: global and sectoral, and the validation of citizen participation throughout the national territory through the System of Development Councils.
Its vision is to be an institution recognized for its technical soundness, which guides and coordinates processes and strategic decisions that contribute to the country’s development within the framework of the National Planning System.
Pastoral Social del Vicariato Apostólico del Petén (VAP)
The Pastoral Social Program of the Apostolic Vicariate of Petén, Guatemala is the active social part of the Catholic Church in the department. It is a non-profit organization that manages, plans and implements projects of common good in rural areas. It is characterized by its effort to attain integrated sustainable rural development in the communities it serves.
The Pastoral Social Program is made up of 7 commissions established in the strategic plan of the institution. These are:
- Earth Group: Executes agricultural production projects, trains farmers in agroecology and in the care and protection of natural resources;
- Health: Trains midwives and nurses as well as rural staff in first aid;
- Women: Addresses issues of equality and gender equity;
- Legal: Provides free legal assistance to the low-income rural population;
- Human Rights: Promotes human rights to different target groups;
- Human Migration: Provides moral support and increased awareness to migrants heading to the US; and
- Education: Manages educational projects in indigenous communities, in their native language.
The mission of CONANP is to preserve the most representative ecosystems of Mexico and their biodiversity through the ANP and other forms of conservation, fostering a culture of conservation and sustainable community development in their environment with criteria for inclusion and equity. To support effective management in the environmental sector, CONANP’s framework encompasses the six pillars of environmental policy:
- Commitment by all economic sectors
- New environmental management
- Valuation of natural resources
- Adherence to the law, combating environmental impunity and social participation, and
Its mission is to promote and advance sustainable forest development through public policies and implementation of programs aimed at increasing protection, production and productivity, thus contributing to economic growth and social development.
Its mission is to incorporate, in all areas of society, criteria and instruments that ensure an ecological culture that puts caring for the environment and environmental preservation first, making decisions that encourage and promote sustainable use of natural resources. It consolidates a green Quintana Roo and promotes new forms of participation that encourage citizens individually and in organized groups to intervene in the formulation and implementation of environmental policies. SEMA also strengthens environmental governance in the state, taking into consideration climate change, including aspects of mitigation and adaptation.
CONABIO also generates information on natural capital and serves as a bridge between academia, government and society. It promotes biodiversity conservation and management based on actions taken by the local population, which should be a central actor in this process. Finally, CONABIO assures compliance with international commitments on biodiversity signed by Mexico.
CCAD’s mission is to develop a regional system of cooperation and environmental integration to help improve the quality of life of people of its member states through economic development, coordination of efforts and by increasing the potential of available resources. One of its most notable efforts has been developing the Environmental Plans for the Central American Region (PARCA). The first plan was adopted in 1999 for the period 2000-2004, and primary goals were to put the Central American Alliance for Sustainable Development (ALIDES) into operation and begin consolidating CCAD as a whole. PARCA II, for the period 2005-2009, addressed developing instruments for environmental management and the establishment of intersectoral regional alliances. PARCA III, 2010-2014, focused on environmental governance and since it expired, the Council of Ministers agreed to formulate a Regional Environmental Strategy valid for 2015-2020.